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IOM is involved in Long Term Recovery and Reintegration Assistance to Trafficked Women and Children.
In 2000 research by the Ministry of Women’s and Veterans Affairs (MWVA) concluded that there was a lack of information and knowledge about trafficking amongst the general public and that this was negatively affecting the Royal Government of Cambodia’s (RGC) fight against trafficking.
From 2001 to 2003, IOM and MWVA conducted a Prevention of All Forms of Trafficking in Women and Children Project in Cambodia. This consisted of multi-media presentations using a combination of video materials, live and recorded theatre and live comedy performances. In addition the campaign made use of banners and posters and a loudspeaker car to both generate interest in the performances and to reinforce campaign messages. Calendars, T-shirts and stickers have been distributed.
Data collected from a survey and a post campaign workshop to assess the campaign’s impact in terms of the target audience’s level of understanding and concluded that the campaign had a significant positive impact. The fact that targeted villagers reported trafficking incidences and cooperated with local authorities after the campaigns which they had been reluctant to do before suggested that some anti-trafficking community based initiatives had been generated.
The new three-year campaign will build on the experience of the first information campaign in order to improve the messages, delivery and impact. The new project will be implemented in 900 villages in 18 provinces and municipalities that could not be covered in the existing project, making it effectively a nationwide campaign. This project is developing a high profile multimedia campaign to disseminate information and raise awareness on trafficking.
The Information Campaign will address the RGC’s need to put in place an ongoing system for developing sound policies through data collection and sound research in the areas of counter trafficking. This will be achieved through the establishment of a data base at the MWVA. Information on trafficking, its characteristics, patterns, flows, sources, destinations, information on traffickers and trafficking networks will be collected during both the information campaign and village based activities. In addition, the database will document and monitor good practices and interventions – both governmental and nongovernmental –, and in doing so provide the RGC through the MWVA a resource from which to develop sound counter-trafficking policies. The database will be shared with law enforcement agencies, notable the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Justice.
To facilitate this campaign and to further meet the MWVA’s mandate to raise the status of women and mainstream gender concerns, a national network of staff will be required beginning at the national level, in all provinces, most districts and through informal links extending to the village level. MWVA staff already cooperates with NGOs and IOs that are combating trafficking.
This project aims to expand such cooperation while at the same time recognizing and developing the distinct contribution that can be made at the government level. The MWVA will develop links with regional and international networks and raise its profile as an active international actor in counter trafficking. This project, which will mirror the previous project is designed to build the capacity of the MWVA through modified, event specific activities and campaigns – learning by doing – in conjunction with specific capacity building workshops and classes. National and provincial level staff in 18 provinces and municipalities will be trained in information dissemination. Staff at the national counter-trafficking office will continue to be trained in information and policy analysis.
The new campaign started in March 2003 funded by USAID to increase the protection of women and children by raising awareness, developing and promoting community action to prevent trafficking and by the creation of a counter trafficking database. It provides education and reintegration services for victims of trafficking. Repatriation and reintegration services for Cambodian and other foreign national victims within and outside of Cambodia. IOM coordinates efforts with the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation (MOSALVY) regularly.
Currently IOM is involved in the following projects in Cambodia:
On the Counter-Trafficking front, IOM has been working on the prevention of trafficking, protection of victims and prosecution of traffickers, through its three programs: the Return and Reintegration of Trafficked and Other Vulnerable Women and Children, the Law Enforcement against Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Prevention of All Forms of Trafficking in Cambodia.
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