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The Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation (MOSALVY) has four sectors: social affairs, labour, vocational training and youth rehabilitation.
The MOSALVY works to reduce trafficking. The Social Affairs Sector implements programmes and projects in the fields of prevention, protection, recovery and reintegration, in collaboration with numerous non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and with intergovernmental agencies such as UNICEF, UNHCR, and the IOM. The Labour Sector oversees sections of the Labour Code and the formulation of employment policies which are relevant to trafficking. MOSALVY also develops vocational training programmes, helps people in difficult circumstances to acquire skills and employment, and assists with programmes to reduce juvenile delinquency.
MOSALVY works closely with the International Organization for Migration to implement measures to fight trafficking in Cambodia.
AusAID (Australian Agency for International Development) funded the International Organization for Migration (IOM) project “Return and Integration of Trafficked Persons in the Mekong Region.” The project has established systematic and sustainable cross-border working arrangements for return and reintegration of trafficked victims, especially vulnerable women and children in Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Viet Nam and Yunnan Province of China (funding lasted from 2000-2004). A contribution of AUS$0.66 million to Phase 2 of this project was under negotiation (as of May 2004).
The U.S. Ambassador to Cambodia on behalf of the U.S. Government and the Department of Labor, and Cambodian Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, on behalf of the Royal Government of Cambodia and the Ministry of Education Youth and Sports, and Ministry Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation, signed a letter of grant agreement to collaborate on efforts to strengthen educational opportunities in areas with a high incidence of child labor. This educational project (of up to USD 3 million) is funded by the U.S. Department of Labor, and will be supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports and the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation. The project aims to increase school enrollment, attendance and retention of working children and children at risk, particularly those employed in or at risk of falling into the worst forms of child labor, such as child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation.
The Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation (MOSALVY) authorized the establishment of a Sub-Committee on Combating Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children in December 2000, and the government has worked to prevent trafficking in conjunction with numerous NGOs and international organizations.
MOSALVY works with UNICEF and IOM to return trafficked children to their homes, and operates two temporary shelters for victims. The Ministry of Women's and Veteran's Affairs and MOSALVY, in conjunction with UNICEF's Community-Based Child Protection Network, work to teach children and community members about the hazards of trafficking, and train individuals to identify potential victims and take action to protect them.
MOSALVY is responsible for enforcing compliance with child labor laws. Since 2000, questions on child labor have been incorporated into routine labor inspections. In 2002, the Anti-Human Trafficking and Juvenile Protection Department in Cambodian National Police under the Ministry of the Interior was created to address trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children, and currently has police units in seven provinces. Inadequate resources, insufficient staff, and lack of training hinder enforcement of child labor laws, and counter-trafficking efforts are hampered by official corruption.
MOSALVY runs two temporary shelters for victims and attempts to place victims with NGOs for long-term sheltering. However, victims are at risk of being taken out of these shelters and re-trafficked. MOSALVY’s efforts are hampered by a lack of resources.
The MOSALVY, with International Organization for Migration (IOM) technical expertise, regularly repatriated trafficked victims from Thailand to Cambodia and from Cambodia to Vietnam. In addition, the MOSALVY worked with UNICEF and local NGOs to manage community-based networks aimed at early intervention of trafficking.
MOSALVY referred trafficking victims to NGOs. Most assistance to victims was given through projects run by local NGOs and international organizations.
MOSALVY has a standardized Handbook outlining their process of reintegration and follow up of trafficking victims. The Handbook was developed in January 2001 as a result of a two-day workshop with many participating NGOs to discuss a standardized case management system for the reintegration and follow up of trafficking victims. The NGOs that contributed to the development of this system were AFESIP (Agir pour les Femmes en Situation Précaire), CCASVA (Cambodian Children Against Starvation and Violence Agency)), CCPCR (Cambodian Centre for the Protection of Children’s Rights), CWCC (Cambodian Women's Crisis Centre), Mith Samlanh / Friends, Krousar Thmey, Bamboo Shoot (World Vision) and Neavea Thmey (World Vision). This Handbook outlines in detail the system agreed upon by workshop participants at this two day workshop and is the current manual used by MoSAVY to guide the reintegration process.
A copy of the Handbook is available in PDF.
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