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The Vietnam Women's Union is active in drawing attention to the problems of girls being trafficked from southern delta and highland provinces into China for purposes of prostitution, domestic work, or marriage. The Women's Union runs education programs to warn vulnerable families of the dangers of deception by those who would lure young women and children into prostitution. In August 2002, the Vietnamese government suspended the licenses of marriage mediation services and transferred their function to the Women's Union.
The Asia Foundation launched a two-year project to combat trafficking of women and children in Vietnam in cooperation with the Vietnam Women's Union and the Center for Education Promotion and Empowerment for Women (CEPEW). In addition to fostering innovative community-level program interventions, the program will facilitate bilateral and regional coordination to combat trafficking between Vietnam and other countries in the region. The Foundation is currently supporting a project to empower survivors of trafficking in An Giang province, which has a high rate of trafficking, with vocational training, training in their legal labor rights, and the skills and knowledge to live independently. The project also facilitates job placement and provides self-employment support for survivors.
The ILO-IPEC Project on Prevention of Trafficking in Children and Women at a Community Level in Vietnam Project launched National Stakeholder Ownership Exercise Workshop with the Vietnam Women's Union.
On 4 April 2005, the Prime Minister approved the RAS/02/P09/HSF Project on Prevention of Trafficking in Children and Women at a Community Level in Vietnam, allowing the Vietnam Women's Union to receive the Project.
On 8th April 2005, the Vietnam Women's Union and the ILO Office in Hanoi signed the Letter of Agreement to cooperate in the implementation of the Project.
On 19th April 2005, the Chairwomen of the Vietnam Women's Union signed the Decision to approve the Project and assign the IEC Department to be the Project implementing agency.
The Vietnam Women's Union and the International Labour Organization (ILO), through its Mekong Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women, announced the launch of the Project's activities. The objective of the Project is to contribute to the elimination of labour exploitation of children and women, in particular the trafficking of children and women in Vietnam. The Project's activities aim at preventing human trafficking both within and across borders in the three southern provinces of Tay Ninh, Hau Giang and Can Tho city.
Many Vietnamese children and women are being lured to major urban areas in the country or abroad with false promises of work or marriage and later exploited. The Project's activities, supported by the Government of Japan through the United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security, will focus on improving awareness of children and young women from vulnerable communities about the dangers of ill-prepared migration and the coercion and deceit often used by traffickers to trick victims into positions of sexual and labour exploitation.
A series of capacity building activities will be held for the involved stakeholders, and awareness raising and direct assistance activities for the women, children and their families in ten communities of the three provinces. A National Stakeholders' Ownership Exercise workshop was held today to establish the selection criteria for the target communities.
The Government of Viet Nam has expressed increasing concern over the situation of human trafficking and has been stepping up its activities to counter the threat. Last year, the Government adopted a new National Plan of Action Combating Crimes of Trafficking in Children and Women during 2004-2010. It offers prevention, protection and support to trafficked victims and those vulnerable to exploitation. The move followed a Government directive in 1997 to fight the trafficking of children and women abroad.
The Government of Viet Nam, together with four other countries in the sub-region (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Yunnan Province of China) has been working with the ILO through its Mekong Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women since 2000. That same year it ratified ILO Convention 182 on eliminating the Worst Forms of Child Labour (trafficking of children results in a worst form of child labour).
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