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A web resource for combating human trafficking


China

China Best Practices

Prevention

Domestic

Governmental
In 2002-2003, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) announced a four-year "Elimination of Trafficking: Zero Tolerance Plan" with UNICEF targeting rural farmers via promotional awareness and educational activities. MPS drafted an anti-trafficking action plan that established a national committee to oversee its development. The ILO-IPEC Mekong Sub-regional Project continues to prevent trafficking through cooperation between government officials and local communities.1

UNICEF trained law enforcement to work with trafficking victims. 2 UNICEF is working with the National Working Committee on Women and Children to develop a national plan of action. The government has launched awareness campaigns to warn of the potential dangers of trafficking through its law enforcement agencies and its school systems. Posters, videos, and pamphlets are distributed throughout the country.3

International

Governmental
In November 2002, China and ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) jointly released a declaration on cooperation in security issues, aiming to deepen the cooperation in combating international crimes, such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, sea-piracy, terrorism, weaponry smuggling, money laundering, international economic crimes and cyber crimes.4 The two sides agreed to enhance the exchange of technical and intelligence information. They also agreed to exchange experience in combating international crime, to promote personnel exchange and training for law enforcement officers and experts, to strengthen the law enforcement cooperation, and to encourage joint research activities.5

In 2003, the MPS and the Government of Thailand agreed on a framework for repatriating victims. The MPS is working on a similar agreement with Vietnam.6


Prosecution

Domestic

Governmental
Trafficking in persons is against the law in China. There is an anti-trafficking unit within the MPS.7


Protection

Domestic

Governmental
China focuses primarily on helping Chinese victims of trafficking. It was Central Government policy to provide funds to provincial and local police to house victims and return them to their homes. Government-funded women's federation offices provided counseling on legal rights, including the options for legal action against traffickers, to some victims.8



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